Canada’s Black Box of Higher Education Outcomes Executive Summary Download the Report Home | Public Policy Citation Côté, A., Dobbs, G. (2023) Canada's Black Box of Higher Education Outcomes. Canadian Standards Association, Toronto, ON. Executive Summary There are nearly two million students enrolled in Canadian universities and colleges at any given time. Higher education is a large sector, with public institutions’ revenues totalling $60 billion annually. The system of post-secondary education is recognized as essential to Canada’s prosperity and labour force development, creating economic opportunity, social mobility, newcomer integration, and civic engagement for learners. Yet, there is alarmingly little understanding or analysis of the outcomes Canada’s higher education system produces—whether to inform public policy, align skills development, or ensure learners (and funders) are getting good value. This report investigates the topic of outcomes tracking in Canadian higher education and related notions of quality and value assessment, with the aim of informing better post-secondary policy, education and labour market planning, and learner career pathway navigation. Why do higher education outcomes matter? In today’s rapidly changing and increasingly competitive Canadian post-secondary marketplace, there are three compelling reasons why tracking outcomes is an imperative: Transparency: To provide learners with the information they need to make informed decisions about education and training options Improvement: To equip higher education and training providers with the information they need to enhance program delivery, learner experience, and post-completion success Accountability: To inform governments and oversight bodies that fund and set policies, standards for quality assurance, consumer protection, and performance Authors: André Côté, Director of Policy and Research, the Dais Graham Dobbs, Senior Economist, the Dais Disclaimer: This work has been produced by the Dais at the Toronto Metropolitan University and is owned by Canadian Standards Association. It is designed to provide general information in regards to the subject matter covered. The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors. The Dais, Toronto Metropolitan University, and Canadian Standards Association are not responsible for any loss or damage which might occur as a result of your reliance or use of the content in this publication Copyright: © 2023 Canadian Standards Association. All Rights Reserved. Contact the CSA Public Policy Centre Are you interested in learning more about our Public Policy work? Email us at [email protected].