Investigating Standards for Small Water and Wastewater Systems in Northern Canada
This research investigates the potential of standards for the build, operation, and maintenance phases of small water and wastewater systems in the Canadian North to identify opportunities for standards to help ensure safe, accessible, and high-quality drinking water and sanitation for all northerners.
The study highlights a general trend of low adaptation to local conditions for standardization documents on many technical topics in northern Canada. A number of major themes and corresponding recommendations are subsequently drawn with respect to potential for standardization efforts. Of these, training and certiﬁcation/classiﬁcation were identiﬁed as a key area that has many gaps, challenges, and potential opportunities with respect to the use of standardized procedures for small-scale water and wastewater systems. Subsequently, this is also identiﬁed as the area where standardization efforts may have the broadest social beneﬁt, urgency, as well as potential feasibility.
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