Source coding for data compression is a method utilized in data systems to reduce the volume of digital data to achieve benefits in areas including, but not limited to:
The characteristics of source codes are specified only to the extent necessary to ensure multi-mission support capabilities. ISO 15887:2013 does not attempt to quantify the relative bandwidth reduction, the merits of each approach discussed, or the design requirements for coders and associated decoders. Some performance information is included in CCSDS 120.0-G-2.
ISO 15887:2013 addresses only Lossless source coding, which is applicable to a wide range of digital data, both imaging and non-imaging, where the requirement is for a moderate data-rate reduction constrained to allow no distortion to be added in the data compression/decompression process. The decompression process is not addressed.