Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs (Adopted ISO 13857:2019, second edition, 2019-10)
This is the second edition of CSA ISO 13857, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs, which is an adoption without modification of the identically titled ISO (International Organization for Standardization) Standard 13857 (second edition, 2019-10). It supersedes the previous edition published in 2015 as CAN/CSA-ISO 13857 (adopted ISO 13857:2008).
For brevity, this Standard will be referred to as CSA ISO 13857 throughout.
This Standard was reviewed for Canadian adoption by the CSA Technical Committee on Safeguarding of Machinery, under the jurisdiction of the CSA Strategic Steering Committee on Occupational Health and Safety, and has been formally approved by the Technical Committee.
This Standard has been developed in compliance with Standards Council of Canada requirements for National Standards of Canada. It has been published as a National Standard of Canada by CSA Group.
This document establishes values for safety distances in both industrial and non-industrial environments to prevent machinery hazard zones being reached. The safety distances are appropriate for protective structures. It also gives information about distances to impede free access by the lower limbs (see Annex B).
This document covers people of 14 years and older (the 5th percentile stature of 14-year-olds is approximately 1 400 mm). In addition, for upper limbs only, it provides information for children older than 3 years (5th percentile stature of 3-year-olds is approximately 900 mm) where reaching through openings needs to be addressed.
NOTE 1 It is not practical to specify safety distances for all persons. Therefore, the values presented are intended to cover the 95th percentile of the population.
Data for preventing lower limb access for children is not considered.
The distances apply when sufficient risk reduction can be achieved by distance alone. Because safety distances depend on size, some people of extreme dimensions will still be able to reach hazard zones even when the requirements of this document are met.
Compliance with the requirements in this document will prevent access to the hazard zone. Nevertheless the user of this document is advised that it does not provide the required risk reduction for every hazard (e.g. hazards related to machine emissions such as ionizing radiation, heat sources, noise, dust).
The clauses covering lower limbs apply on their own only when access by the upper limbs to the same hazard zone is not foreseeable according to the risk assessment.
The safety distances are intended to protect those persons trying to reach hazard zones under the conditions specified (see 4.1.1).
NOTE 2 This document is not intended to provide measures against reaching a hazard zone by climbing over (see ISO 14120:2015, 5.18).
Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs (Adopted ISO 13857:2008, first edition, 2008-03-01)