This is the fifth edition of CSA Standard Z98, Passenger Ropeways. It supersedes the previous editions, published in 1996, 1991, 1978, and 1968. It incorporates the April 1997 amendments to the 1996 edition.
The format and layout are basically that of the 1991 edition. The general arrangement has been revised by moving inspection, testing, operation, and maintenance requirements to Clause 11 to follow the order of activities during practical operation.
Additional changes are incorporated in every section. The major change is the introduction of requirements concerning ropeways for secondary carriers in Clause 8. In the future, requirements concerning belt tows will be introduced in Clause 9.
This Standard establishes requirements for the design, manufacture, installation, operation, maintenance, testing, and inspection of passenger ropeways. The Standard does not purport to address all safety issues associated with operation of passenger ropeways. It is the responsibility of the user of this Standard to establish appropriate safety practices.
Financial assistance for producing this edition was provided by the parties listed below:
- Doppelmayr Lifts Ltd.
- Doppelmayr Ltée
- Garaventa CTEC Inc,
- Leitner Lifts Ltd.
- Murray-Latta Machine Co. (1988) Ltd.
- CGU Group Canada Ltd.
- Marsh Canada Ltd.
- R L Gougeon
- Willis Corroon Group
- Alberta Labour Standards
- BC Ministry of Municipal Affairs
- Association des Stations de Ski du Québec
- Atlantic Ski Areas Association
- Canada West Ski Areas Association
- Ontario Snow Resorts Association
- Alberta Elevating Devices & Amusement Rides Safety Association
- Wespac Automation Ltd.
This Standard was prepared by the Technical Committee on Passenger Ropeways under the jurisdiction of the Strategic Steering Committee on Public Safety, and has been formally approved by the Technical Committee. This Standard has been developed in compliance with Standards Council of Canada requirements for National Standards of Canada. It has been published as a National Standard of Canada by CSA Group.
This Standard provides requirements for the design, manufacture, construction, modification, operation, inspection, testing, and maintenance of passenger ropeways.
The requirements of this Standard are adequate under conditions normally encountered in the industry. Requirements for abnormal or unusual conditions are not specifically provided for, nor are all details of engineering and construction prescribed. It is intended that all work performed within the scope of this Standard will meet or exceed the safety standards expressed or implied herein.
1.2 Equipment Covered
For this Standard, passenger ropeways include
(a) reversible, single and double, above-surface ropeways;
(b) fixed grip and detachable grip ropeways, circulating above-surface ropeways, including gondola ropeways, chair ropeways, and similar devices;
(c) surface ropeways, including T-bar ropeways, J-bar ropeways, platter ropeways, and similar devices; and
(d) tows, including wire and fibre rope tows; and
(e) tows for secondary carriers.
Freight may be carried on the equipment covered by this Standard, provided that allowance has been made in the design and the appropriate precautions are taken.
1.4 Existing Installations
Existing installations are expected to meet the operation, maintenance, and testing requirements of this edition of this Standard.
Note: Existing equipment installed in compliance with previous editions of this Standard may not comply with the new design requirements.
In the case of novel design, new configurations that cannot be precisely classified, or cases of reported nonconformance, exceptions from the requirement may be made, provided that equivalent safety is provided.
1.6 Funicular Railways
This Standard may be adopted for use with funicular railways and self-powered reversible above-surface ropeways.
1.7 Mandatory and Advisory Rules
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advises but not required; and may is used to express and option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard. Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material. Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements. Legends to equations and figures are considered requirements.
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