This is the fifth edition of CSA S413, Parking structures. It supersedes the previous editions published in 2014, 2007, 1994, and 1987.
This Standard differs from the previous edition as follows:
a) added clarification in Scope regarding considerations for structures or portions of structures which are designed for the storage and/or repair of vehicles;
b) requirements for fibre-reinforced polymer reinforcement have been added;
c) updates to requirements for surface preparation, installation, testing, and performance of protection systems;
d) updated requirements for placement and design of expansion joints near columns, spandrels, walls, and other vertical elements;
e) revisions to clarify concrete types for perimeter basement walls;
f) revision to requirements and suggested details for parking structure drains;
g) added requirements for cast-in services placed in proximity to parking structure drains;
h) revision to requirements for core testing;
i) added requirements for protection of reinforcement at precast joint ends and expansion joints;
j) clarification for water supply for periodic washdowns;
k) clarifications for concrete requirements to harmonize with CSA A23.1;
l) added requirements for crack treatment;
m) added requirements for footing protection from chloride contamination;
n) revisions to requirements for concrete moisture testing and calcium chloride testing;
o) added requirement for consideration of alternate access/egress pathways in parking structures in cases of repair;
p) revisions to requirements for tooled or soft cut joints;
q) recommended minimum work procedures have been moved from Annex D into the main body of the Standard;
r) Annexes A, D, and H have been revised; and
s) all references, including those for the annexes, have been updated where applicable.
This Standard has been adopted by the Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes as the reference standard for parking structures in Section 4 of the National Building Code of Canada.
This Standard has been developed in compliance with Standards Council of Canada requirements for National Standards of Canada. It has been published as a National Standard of Canada by CSA Group.
This Standard specifies special requirements for the durability aspects of the design and construction of new parking structures and parts of buildings subject to vehicular traffic.
This includes pedestrian traffic areas adjoining to or contained within parking structures. These include areas such as stairs, and pedestrian bridges from parking structures.
The application of this Standard includes structures which are designed for the storage and/or repair of vehicles whether those structures are stand alone, above ground or below ground, part of or connected to the structure of a larger structure/development.
Note: This includes commercial, residential, industrial or institutional, and all other building types.
1.2 Structure types
New parking structures constructed of structural steel, reinforced concrete (including prestressed concrete), or a combination of these materials fall within the scope of this Standard.
1.3 Repair of existing parking structures
This Standard does not cover the repair of existing parking structures, and the provisions of this Standard are not necessarily appropriate for the repair and protection of existing structures.
Note: See CSA S448.1 for information on the repair of concrete structures.
1.4 Reference standards
In the event of conflict between this Standard and the reference standards, this Standard takes precedence.
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.
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