This is the first edition of CSA N292.0, General principles for the management of radioactive waste and irradiated fuel.
This Standard is part of a series of Standards on radioactive waste management. It specifies common requirements for the management of radioactive waste and irradiated fuel and is used in concert with all CSA Standards that apply to the management of radioactive waste and irradiated fuel (e.g., CSA N292.2, CSA N292.3, CSA N292.5, and CSA N294).
Users of this Standard are reminded that the site selection, design, manufacture, construction, installation, commissioning, operation, and decommissioning of nuclear facilities in Canada are subject to the Nuclear Safety and Control Act and its Regulations. The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission might impose additional requirements to those specified in this Standard.
The CSA N-Series Standards provide an interlinked set of requirements for the management of nuclear facilities and activities. CSA N286 provides overall direction to management to develop and implement sound management practices and controls, while the other CSA nuclear Standards provide technical requirements and guidance that support the management system. This Standard works in harmony with CSA N286 and does not duplicate the generic requirements of CSA N286; however, it may provide more specific direction for those requirements.
This Standard specifies common requirements for the management of radioactive waste and irradiated fuel from generation to storage or disposal.
This Standard is used in concert with all CSA standards that apply to the management of radioactive waste and irradiated fuel.
Note: For example, CSA N292.2, CSA N292.3, CSA N292.5, and CSA N294.
This Standard applies to waste organizations or facilities of all sizes that generate, possess, manage, process, transport, and dispose radioactive waste and irradiated fuel, including nuclear power reactors, research institutes, medical facilities, manufacturing facilities, laboratories, and industrial facilities.
Note: Waste organizations can refer to waste generators, waste brokers, waste receivers, waste processors, and waste management facility operators.
The following types of radioactive waste are not addressed in this Standard:
a) naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM);
b) technologically enhanced, naturally occurring radioactive material (TENORM); and
c) uranium mine and mill tailings.
Note: While this Standard is not applicable to the management of mine and mill tailings, the principles in this Standard can be useful for their management.
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.