This standard applies to automatically operating gas-fired central furnaces (see Part XI, Definitions), hereinafter referred to as furnaces, for installation in residential, commercial, and industrial structures including furnaces for Direct Vent, Recreational Vehicle, Outdoor, and Manufactured (Mobile) Homes.
These furnaces may include a cooling unit. All units shall be constructed entirely of new, unused parts and materials.
In Canada, this standard applies to gas-fired central furnaces having inputs up to and including 400,000 Btu per hour (117 228 W).
This standard applies to Category I, Category II, Category III and Category IV Central Furnaces (see Part XI, Definitions).
This standard applies to furnaces of the types defined in Part XI, Definitions, which are designed to supply heated air through ducts to spaces remote from or adjacent to the furnace location. Location and use of such furnaces with respect to the spaces being heated necessitates automatic operation of the appliance.
This standard covers the thermal efficiency (2.38) and related markings of only those furnaces whose efficiencies are not regulated in the U.S.A. by the Energy Policy Act and Conservation Act of 1975 and the National Energy Conservation Policy of 1978* or not covered in Canada by Exhibit K (K1.1), when connected to single phase electrical supply.
*At the time of printing, Federal energy acts in the U.S.A. regulate the efficiency (heating capacity) of furnaces having input ratings less than 225,000 Btu (65 941 W per hour).
A furnace of a type not specifically defined in this standard may be subjected to such examination and tests as deemed necessary by the testing agency to determine compliance with the intent of this standard.
This standard also applies to a furnace which is factory equipped with both a draft hood and an automatic vent damper device (see Part XI, Definitions), hereinafter referred to as vent damper device.
Unless otherwise indicated on its rating plate, a furnace shall be for installation indoors in accordance with its markings and the manufacturer's installation instructions. When specified additional or alternate provisions are met, a furnace may be for manufactured (mobile) home installation or for use outdoors.
A furnace for manufactured (mobile) home installation shall be designed so when installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions supplied with the furnace, it shall provide complete separation of its combustion system from the living space of the manufactured (mobile) home.
The complete separation of the furnace combustion system from the living space of the manufactured (mobile) home is accomplished by the furnace being designed and installed so (1) all air supplied for combustion, (2) the combustion system of the furnace and (3) all products of combustion are completely isolated from the living space. Doors, panels and any other access openings of the structure serving an enclosure required for such isolation are to communicate only to the outdoors. A furnace which by its inherent design provides such complete separation is referred to as a direct vent central furnace (see Part XI, Definitions).
A furnace shall be for use with one or more of the gases specified in 2.1.1. A furnace for manufactured (mobile) home installation shall be convertible for use with natural gas and liquefied petroleum gases.
Special construction provisions applicable to Category II, III, or IV furnaces are outlined under 1.1.12, 1.2.25, 1.14, 1.15.15 through 1.15.17, 1.23.1-c13, -c16, -d4 and -d5, 1.24.2-i and -j, 1.25.2-d and 1.25.9-f.
A furnace for indoor installation designed to vent the flue gases horizontally through an outside wall shall be specified as Category III or IV, except Category I furnaces utilizing a listed mechanical venter applied externally to the venting system.
Special construction provisions applicable to a furnace for manufactured (mobile) home installation are outlined under 1.1.8, 1.1.9, 1.1.10, 1.2.23, 1.6.5, 1.11.18, 1.23.1-c4, 1.23.5, 1.25.2-f, 1.25.9-b and 1.25.9-h and Part III.
Special construction provisions applicable to a furnace convertible for use with natural gas and liquefied petroleum gases are outlined under 1.1.10, 1.8.5, 1.12.5-d, 1.23.3, 1.25.2-g and 1.25.6.
If a value for measurement as given in this standard is followed by an equivalent value in other units, the first stated value is to be regarded as the specification, except as noted in 1.23.1 and 1.25.1.
Special construction provisions applicable to a furnace designed for use with an optional listed conversion kit are outlined under Exhibit H [(Optional) Provisions for Listed Gas Appliance Conversion Kits].
Exhibit L (List of Reference Standards) contains a list of standards specifically referenced in this standard and sources from which they may be obtained.
Exhibit N includes both U.S. and Canadian reference standards where applicable. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to determine which referenced standard applies based on the requirements of the authority having jurisdiction at the location of the installation. However, a furnace for use in a particular country only should comply with the applicable referenced standard for that country.
Section 1.18 is unique to ANSI Z21.47. The Canadian electrical equipment and wiring provisions are contained in CAN/CSA-C22.2, No. 3, Electrical Features of Fuel-Burning Equipment.