ISO 14827-1:2005 allows different systems to exchange relevant data. The relevant data will be contained in end-application messages. Each end-application message will be formally defined as either a subscription or a publication, according to the format as specified in ISO 14827-1:2005. DATEX-ASN defines how these end-application messages are packaged to form a complete data packet and also defines the rules and procedures for exchanging these data packets. Systems using DATEX-ASN are free to implement additional end-application functionalities according to the user requirements.