Passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors
This is the seventh edition of CSA Z98, Passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors. It supersedes the previous editions published in 2007, under the title Passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors, and in 2001, 1996, 1991, 1978, and 1968 under the title Passenger Ropeways.
This Standard specifies requirements for the design, manufacture, installation, operation, maintenance, testing, and inspection of passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors.
The notable changes from the previous edition are as follows:
a) The reference Standards have been updated.
b) Replacements in Clause 4.2.2 are considered alterations.
c) Clarification of considerations for site selection.
d) Line protection in case of icing has been deleted from the location and alignment clause.
e) Prevention of water entrapment has been added to the clause on design consideration.
f) The requirement for luminaires has been deleted from station enclosures and machine rooms.
g) The operation of the emergency brake on engine shutdown has been clarified.
h) The addition of handrails to work platforms.
Funding to develop and maintain this Standard was generously provided by the Canada West Ski Areas Association (CWSAA), Ontario Ski Resorts Association (OSRA), Association des stations de ski du Québec (ASSQ), and Atlantic Ski Area Association (ASAA).
This Standard specifies requirements for the design, manufacture, construction, modification, operation, inspection, testing, and maintenance of passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors.
Requirements for abnormal or unusual conditions are not specifically provided for, nor are all details of engineering and construction prescribed. It is intended that all work performed within the scope of this Standard meet or exceed the safety standards expressed or implied in this Standard.
This Standard does not purport to address all safety issues associated with passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors. It is the responsibility of the users of this Standard to establish appropriate safety practices and to determine the applicability of any regulatory requirements or limitations.
1.2 Equipment covered
For this Standard, passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors include
a) reversible above-surface ropeways with single- or double-track ropes
b) fixed and detachable grip circulating above-surface monocable, bi-cable, and tri-cable ropeways, including cabin ropeways, chair ropeways, and similar devices
c) surface ropeways, including T-bar ropeways, J-bar ropeways, platter ropeways, and similar devices
d) tows, including wire and fibre rope tows
e) tows for secondary carriers
f) devices with a moving flexible element that
i) transport persons uphill for recreational or sport activities; or
ii) are used as loading conveyors.
Freight may be carried on the equipment covered by this Standard, provided that allowance has been made in the design and appropriate precautions are taken.
1.4 Existing installations
Existing installations are expected to meet the operation, maintenance, and testing requirements of this edition of this Standard.
Note: It is possible that equipment installed in compliance with previous editions of this Standard will not comply with new design requirements of this edition of this Standard.
For novel designs, new configurations that cannot be precisely classified, and cases of reported nonconformance, exceptions from the requirements of this Standard may be made, provided that equivalent safety is provided.
1.6 Funicular railways
This Standard may be adopted for use with funicular railways and self-powered reversible above-surface ropeways.
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.