Oil Pipe Line Transportation Systems
This new edition of CSA Standard Z183—1973, Oil Pipe Line Transportation Systems supersedes the first edition published in 1967.
This edition differs from the previous edition mainly as follows:
(a) The design section has been expanded to include requirements covering the location of isolating and block valves;
(b) The material requirements have generally been updated and now include the adoption of the CSA 2245 Series of Standards on Steel Line Pipe in lieu of previous reference to API Standards for Steel Line Pipe;
(c) A new carbon equivalent formula has been introduced covering pipe and fitting material for use in qualifying the welding procedure;
(d) The requirements for repair of damaged pipe are more stringent;
(e) The section on Maintenance and Repair of oil pipe 1ines has been expanded to include operations with particular emphasis on pollution prevention.
This Standard has been formulated to define, in general terms, uniform recommendations for good engineering practices based on known experience and appropriate existing standards already in use by the petroleum industry. Standard requirements should be regarded as being complementary to existing industrial safety regulations and practices.
In preparing this Standard reference has been made to, and certain information used from, publications issued by the British Institute of Petroleum, the American National Standards Institute, and the American Petroleum Institute.
This Standard was prepared by the Committee on Oil- Pipe Line Code under the Jurisdiction of the Sectional Committee on Gas and Oil Pipe Lines Codes, and was formally approved by these Committees and the CSA Standards Policy Board.
This Standard covers the design, material selection, fabrication, installation, inspection, testing, operation, repair and maintenance of liquid oil pipe line transportation systems such as crude oil, condensate, liquid petroleum products, natural gasoline, natural gas liquids, and liquefied petroleum gas between production facilities, tank farms, terminals, refineries, natural gas plants, and other receiving and delivering points.
The Scope of this Standard, which includes the following, is shown in Figure 1:
(a) A11 pressure pipe components and tank farms, pump stations, pressure reducing stations, and metering stations; and
(b) Selection of materials and installation of tank farms and pump stations in accordance with other referenced codes and standards, with specific references to Clause 3.5.4.
NOTE: The term liquefied petroleum gas as used in this Standard includes any material in a liquid state composed predominantly of any of the following hydrocarbons; propane, propylene, butanes and butylenes.
This Standard does not cover the following:
(a) Auxiliary piping systems such as those used for air, water, steam, gas, fuel, and lubricating oil;
(b) Casing, tubing or pipe in oilwells, wellheads, or separators, production tanks or other producing facilities, and piping interconnecting these facilities;
(c) Terminals (other than pipe line), refinery, marketing bulk plant, gas processing plant, or natural gasoline plant;
(d) Gas transmission and gas distribution piping;
(e) Liquefied natural gas lines; and
(f) Fuel distribution systems.
Although safety of both the public and industry employees is a basic consideration of this Standard, the specific requirements are based on conditions normally encountered in the industry and requirements for all abnormal or unusual conditions are not specifically provided for, nor are all details of engineering and construction prescribed. Compliance with this Standard therefore requires that fundamental engineering principles be followed and that materials or practices not specifically approved or prohibited in this Standard be qualified for use as set forth in the applicable clauses.
It is not intended that the application of this Standard shall operate to prevent the development of new equipment or practices, nor to prescribe specifically how such new innovations should be handled.
Where any requirements of this Standard are at variance with the requirements of other standards or codes incorporated by reference into this Standard, the requirements of this Standard shall govern.
The requirements of this Standard shall not be applied retroactively to existing installations or to installations under construction at the time of its approval but shall apply to the extension, repair, maintenance, and up—rating of such installations.
The term shall as used in this Standard indicates a mandatory requirement. The term should indicates a recommended practice.