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This is the fourth edition of CSA N287.1, General requirements for concrete containment structures for nuclear power plants. It supersedes the previous editions, published in 1993, 1982, and 1977 under the title General requirements for concrete containment structures for CANDU nuclear power plants. The title has been changed to reflect a change in scope, from addressing only CANDU® reactors to including all types of nuclear power plants.
Note: CANDU (CANada Deuterium Uranium) is a registered trademark of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL).
The purpose of this Standard is to provide general requirements to ensure that the design, construction, and testing of concrete containment structures will meet a quality and standard commensurate with the safety principles necessary to comply with the Canadian nuclear safety philosophy.
The CSA N-series of Standards provides an interlinked set of requirements for the management of nuclear facilities and activities. CSA N286 provides overall direction to management to develop and implement sound management practices and controls, while the other CSA Group nuclear Standards provide technical requirements and guidance that support the management system. This Standard works in harmony with CSA N286 and does not duplicate its generic requirements; however, it might provide more specific direction for those requirements.
The Standards in the CSA N287 series of Standards were initiated in response to a recognition by the utilities and industries concerned with nuclear power plant structures in Canada of a need for consistent standards for the design, construction, and testing of concrete containment structures for nuclear power plants.
The CSA N287 series of Standards consists of seven Standards. The objectives of each Standard are summarized as follows:
a) CSA N287.1-14, General requirements for concrete containment structures for nuclear power plants, specifies general requirements for the design, construction, testing, and commissioning of concrete containment structures for nuclear power plants designated as class containment and is directed to the owners, designers, manufacturers, fabricators, and constructors of the concrete components and parts;
b) CSA N287.2-08, Material requirements for concrete containment structures for CANDU nuclear power plants, specifies requirements for materials used in concrete containment structures;
c) CSA N287.3-14, Design requirements for concrete containment structures for nuclear power plants, specifies requirements for the design of concrete containment structures;
d) CSA N287.4-09, Construction, fabrication, and installation requirements for concrete containment structures for CANDU nuclear power plants, specifies construction, fabrication, and installation requirements that apply to concrete containment structures of a containment system designated as class containment components, parts, and appurtenances for CANDU® nuclear power plants;
e) CSA N287.5-11, Examination and testing requirements for concrete containment structures for nuclear power plants, specifies examination and testing requirements that apply to the work of any organization participating in the construction, fabrication, or installation of parts or components of concrete containment structures for nuclear power plants;
f) CSA N287.6-11, Pre-operational proof and leakage rate testing requirements for concrete containment structures for nuclear power plants, specifies requirements for proof by demonstration, before first criticality, that the design and construction of a concrete containment structure are satisfactory with respect to quality and performance as demonstrated by achieving the specified requirements of CSA N287.6, including commissioning leakage rate target; and
g) CSA N287.7-08, In-service examination and testing requirements for concrete containment structures for CANDU nuclear power plants, specifies uniform requirements whereby, through systematic and periodic examination, the structural and leak-tight integrity of concrete containment structures can be assessed as demonstrated by achieving the specified requirements of CSA N287.7, including the operational leakage rate target.
In the preparation of these Standards, it was the decision of the Committee to make use of existing Standards, Codes, and other reference material wherever possible.
Users of this Standard are reminded that the design, manufacture, construction, commissioning, operation, and decommissioning of nuclear facilities in Canada are subject to the provisions of the Nuclear Safety and Control Act, and its supporting Regulations. Thus, requirements additional to those specified in this Standard might be imposed by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission.
This Standard provides general requirements for the design, fabrication, construction, installation, examination, and commissioning as well as the in-service examination, testing, and evaluation of reinforced (prestressed and non-prestressed) concrete containment structures for nuclear power plants designated as class containment. It is directed to the owners/operators, designers, manufacturers, fabricators, and constructors of the concrete components and parts.
1) This Standard is applicable to new nuclear power plants' concrete containment structures to be built in Canada. Application of the Standard to concrete containment structures to be built outside Canada is subject to approval of the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ). The application of the Standard to existing or operating nuclear power plants is as agreed upon by the owner/operator and the AHJ.
2) The requirements of the CSA N287 series of Standards generally exceed the requirements of the National Building Code of Canada.
3) In Canada, CNSC RD-337 provides the regulatory requirements for the design of new containment structures.
This Standard defines the responsibilities of organizations and individuals with respect to the functions mentioned in Clause 1.1 together with the pertinent documentation required as a statement of quality assurance.
Note: A basic interaction organizational chart and basic interaction chart for documentation are provided in Annex A.
This Standard includes general requirements for metallic and nonmetallic parts, such as containment liners, anchorage systems, and appurtenances, that form part of the containment boundary and that are placed in their final position within the concrete or are attached to the concrete.
This Standard includes definitions that are applicable in this Standard and in the other Standards forming the N287 series of Standards.
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (nonmandatory) to define their application.