This is the eighth edition of CSA Z98, Passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors. It supersedes the previous editions published in 2014 and 2007 under the same title, and in 2001, 1996, 1991, 1978, and 1968 under the title Passenger ropeways.
The notable changes from the previous edition include
a) the addition of a new, informative Annex L featuring notes on clauses;
b) updated requirements for the following:
i) end connections;
ii) covered passenger conveyors;
iii) track ropes;
iv) emergency brakes;
v) operating in wind or icing conditions;
vii) brakes on surface lifts;
viii) non-destructive testing [magnetic rope test (MRT)] for rope on T-bars;
ix) braking on rope tows;
x) ropeways for secondary carriers; and
xi) groove contamination; and
c) updated reference standards.
Funding to develop and maintain this Standard was generously provided by the Canada West Ski Areas Association (CWSAA), Ontario Ski Resorts Association (OSRA), Association des stations de ski du Québec (ASSQ), and Atlantic Ski Area Association (ASAA).
This Code has been developed in compliance with Standards Council of Canada requirements for National Standards of Canada. It has been published as a National Standard of Canada by CSA Group.
This Standard specifies requirements for the design, manufacture, construction, modification, operation, inspection, testing, and maintenance of passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors.
Requirements for abnormal or unusual conditions are not specifically provided for, nor are all details of engineering and construction prescribed. It is intended that all work performed within the scope of this Standard meet or exceed the safety standards expressed or implied in this Standard.
This Standard does not purport to address all safety issues associated with passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors. It is the responsibility of the users of this Standard to establish appropriate safety practices and to determine the applicability of any regulatory requirements or limitations.
1.2 Equipment covered
For this Standard, passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors include
a) reversible passenger ropeways with single- or double-track ropes;
b) fixed and detachable grip circulating above-surface monocable, bi-cable, and tri-cable ropeways, including cabin ropeways, chair ropeways, and similar devices;
c) surface ropeways, including T-bar ropeways, J-bar ropeways, platter ropeways, and similar devices;
d) tows, including wire and fibre rope tows;
e) tows for secondary carriers; and
f) devices with a moving flexible element that
i) transport persons uphill for recreational or sport activities; or
ii) are used as loading conveyors.
Freight may be carried on the equipment covered by this Standard, provided that allowance has been made in the design and appropriate precautions are taken.
1.4 Funicular railways
This Standard may be adopted for use with funicular railways and self-powered reversible passenger ropeways.
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.