Information technology — Biometric data interchange formats — Part 14: DNA data (Adopted ISO/IEC 19794-14:2013, first edition, 2013-03-15, including amendment 1:2016)
Standards development within the Information Technology sector is harmonized with international standards development. Through the CSA Technical Committee on Information Technology (TCIT), Canadians serve as the SCC Mirror Committee (SMC) on ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1 on Information Technology (ISO/IEC JTC1) for the Standards Council of Canada (SCC), the ISO member body for Canada and sponsor of the Canadian National Committee of the IEC. Also, as a member of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Canada participates in the International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee (ITU-T).
This Standard has been formally approved, without modification, by the Technical Committee and has been developed in compliance with Standards Council of Canada requirements for National Standards of Canada. It has been published as a National Standard of Canada by CSA Group.
This part of ISO/IEC 19794 specifies a data interchange format for the exchange of DNA data for person identification or verification technologies that utilize human DNA.
It will provide the ability for DNA profile data to be exchanged and used for comparison (subject to privacy regulations) with DNA profile data produced by any other system that is based on a compatible DNA profiling technique and where the data format conforms to this part of ISO/IEC 19794.
This part of ISO/IEC 19794 is intended to cover current forensic DNA profiling or typing techniques that are based on short tandem repeats (STRs), including STRs on the Y chromosome (Y-STRs), as well as mitochondrial DNA.
A single DNA data record for a subject may require data resulting from more than one of these different DNA techniques. This part of ISO/IEC 19794 enables data for multiple DNA techniques to be presented in a single record for a given subject.
This data format has been prepared in light of ongoing efforts to reduce human involvement in the processing (enrolment and comparison) of DNA. In anticipation of the data format requirements for automated DNA techniques this part of ISO/IEC 19794 will describe a format for both processed and raw (electrophoretic) DNA data. Extensible Mark-up Language (XML) encoding of the data is used to specify DNA data interchange. A normative XML Schema Definition (XSD) specification is provided in Annex B.
This part of ISO/IEC 19794 is not intended for any other purposes than exchange of DNA for biometric verification and identification of individuals, in particular does not exchange medical and other health-related information.