Emergency preparedness and response for petroleum and natural gas industry systems
Emergency preparedness and response is more than just quickly responding to a crisis; it also requires having appropriate procedures and plans in place to provide safety and reduce risk. The Canadian public and private sector stakeholders have an interest in ensuring that emergency preparedness and response plans in the petroleum & natural gas industry continuously evolve to provide protection for people, the environment, and property.
Now a National Standard of Canada, CAN/CSA Z246.2 - Emergency preparedness and response for petroleum and natural gas industry systems is a comprehensive standard that helps organizations develop an emergency preparedness and response program.
CAN/CSA Z246.2 applies to petroleum and natural gas industry systems including:
- Pipeline systems
- Liquefied natural gas (LNG) production, storage, and handling facilities
- Storage of hydrocarbons in underground formations
- Petrochemical installations
- Oil and gas exploration
- Oil sands facilities; and
- Petroleum and natural gas wells
- Provides requirements for a continuous improvement process to develop, implement, maintain, and evaluate an emergency preparedness and response program.
- Seeks to achieve process harmony for the oil & gas industry across all jurisdictions in Canada.
- Helps reduce the impacts of an emergency on your organization.
- Aligns with CSA Z1600 – Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs.
This is the first edition of CSA Z246.2, Emergency preparedness and response for petroleum and natural gas industry systems.
This Standard provides requirements for a continual improvement process to develop, implement, maintain, and evaluate an emergency preparedness and response program that helps operators in the industry to be prepared to respond to an emergency that affects people, the environment, and property.
In developing this Standard, previous and existing standards were used. These include, but are not limited to, legislation, best practices, policies, standards, and applicable codes.
CSA acknowledges that the development of this Standard was made possible, in large part, by the financial support of the petroleum and natural gas industry and its member organizations.
This Standard establishes criteria for emergency preparedness and response for the petroleum and natural gas industry systems.
Note: Prevention, continuity, and recovery are not within the scope of this Standard.
This Standard applies to petroleum and natural gas industry systems (see Figures 1 and 2), including
a) pipeline systems handling
iii) oil-field water;
iv) liquid products;
v) multi-phase fluids;
vi) slurries; and
vii) system supports, including
1) meter stations;
2) compressor stations;
3) pump stations;
4) tank farms;
5) terminals; and
6) all assets that support Items (1) to (5);
b) liquefied natural gas (LNG) production, storage, and handling facilities;
c) storage of hydrocarbons in underground formations;
d) petrochemical installations, including
ii) gas processing plants;
iii) liquefied petroleum gas plants;
iv) synthetic natural gas plants; and
v) coal gasification plants;
e) oil and gas exploration, development, production, treatment, processing, and storage operations not covered in Items (a) to (d);
f) oil sands facilities; and
g) petroleum and natural gas wells
This Standard does not apply to offshore petroleum and natural gas activity, petroleum and liquefied natural gas (LNG) tankers, and customers piping system.
Note: See Figures 1 and 2.
The requirements of this Standard are applicable to all operators, regardless of the size or number of their assets.
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.
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