This is the second edition of CAN/CSA-Z14161, Sterilization of health care products - Biological indicators - Guidance for the selection, use and interpretation of results, which is an adoption, with Canadian deviations, of the identically titled ISO (International Organization for Standardization) Standard 14161 (second edition, 2009-09-15).
It supersedes the previous edition, published in 2006 as CAN/CSA-Z14161 (adopted ISO 14161:2000).
This Standard has been developed in compliance with Standards Council of Canada requirements for National Standards of Canada. It has been published as a National Standard of Canada by CSA Group.
This International Standard provides guidance for the selection, use and interpretation of results from application of biological indicators when used in the development, validation and routine monitoring of sterilization processes. This International Standard applies to biological indicators for which International Standards exist.
NOTE 1 See, for example, the ISO 11138 series.
NOTE 2 The general information provided in this International Standard can have useful application for processes and biological indicators not currently addressed by existing International Standards, e.g., new and developing sterilization processes.
This International Standard does not consider those processes that rely solely on physical removal of microorganisms, e.g., filtration.
This International Standard is not intended to apply to combination processes using, for example, washer disinfectors or flushing and steaming of pipelines.
This International Standard is not intended to apply to liquid sterilization processes.