This is the first edition of CAN/CSA-Z11137-1, Sterilization of health care products — Radiation — Part 1: Requirements for development, validation and routine control of a sterilization process for medical devices, which is an adoption without modification of the identically titled ISO (International Organization for Standardization) Standard 11137-1 (first edition, 2006-04-15).
This Standard was reviewed for Canadian adoption by the CSA Technical Committee on Sterilization, under the jurisdiction of the Strategic Steering Committee on Health Care Technology, and has been formally approved by the Technical Committee. This Standard has been approved as a National Standard of Canada by the Standards Council of Canada.
This part of ISO 11137 specifies requirements for the development, validation and routine control of a radiation sterilization process for medical devices.
NOTE Although the scope of this part of ISO 11137 is limited to medical devices, it specifies requirements and provides guidance that may be applicable to other products and equipment.
This part of ISO 11137 covers radiation processes employing irradiators using
a) the radionuclide 60Co or 137Cs
b) a beam from an electron generator or
c) a beam from an X-ray generator.
This part of ISO 11137 does not specify requirements for development, validation and routine control of a process for inactivating the causative agents of spongiform encephalopathies such as scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeld-Jakob disease. Specific recommendations have been produced in particular countries for the processing of materials potentially contaminated with these agents.
NOTE See, for example, ISO 22442-1, ISO 22442-2 and ISO 22442-3.
This part of ISO 11137 does not detail specified requirements for designating a medical device as sterile.
NOTE Attention is drawn to regional and national requirements for designating medical devices as sterile. See, for example, EN 556-1 or ANSI/AAMI ST67.
This part of ISO 11137 does not specify a quality management system for the control of all stages of production of medical devices.
NOTE It is not a requirement of this part of ISO 11137 to have a complete quality management system during manufacture, but the elements of a quality management system that are the minimum necessary to control the sterilization process are normatively referenced at appropriate places in the text (see, in particular, Clause 4). Attention is drawn to the standards for quality management systems (see ISO 13485) that control all stages of production of medical devices, including the sterilization process. Regional and national regulations for the provision of medical devices might require implementation of a complete quality management system and the assessment of that system by a third party.
This part of ISO 11137 does not require that biological indicators be used for validation or monitoring of radiation sterilization, nor does it require that a pharmacopoeial test for sterility be carried out for product release.
This part of ISO 11137 does not specify requirements for occupational safety associated with the design and operation of irradiation facilities.
NOTE Attention is also drawn to the existence, in some countries, of regulations laying down safety requirements for occupational safety related to radiation.
This part of ISO 11137 does not specify requirements for the sterilization of used or reprocessed devices.