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This is the second edition of CSA Standard B415.1, Performance Testing of Solid-Fuel-Burning Heating Appliances. It supersedes the previous edition published in 1992 under the title Performance Testing of Solid-Fuel-Burning Stoves, Inserts, and Low-Burn-Rate Factory-Built Fireplaces. It now includes cookstoves, indoor and outdoor central and small commercial systems, and space heaters.
This Standard has been developed to assist manufacturers in the development of solid-fuel-burning appliances with improved combustion characteristics, and at the request of government authorities so that they can regulate appliances in new installations.
This Standard describes a test procedure for measuring the emissions, heat output, and efficiency of solid-fuel-burning furnaces, boilers, stoves, low-burn-rate factory-built fireplaces, and inserts and automatically fuelled stoves having a minimum air-fuel ratio less than 35:1. Site-built decorative fireplaces or fireplaces with a minimum burn rate above 5 kg/h are excluded.
The Committee has made every effort to make the methodology of this Standard consistent with the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s regulations (see Clause 3). The test procedure described in this Standard is based on Method 5G-1 of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40. The interpretation of the EPA regulations is periodically updated by the issuance of Applicability Determinations. Anyone using this Standard who also intends to seek EPA product approval should be fully conversant with all EPA requirements.
Emissions expressed in grams per hour, intended to provide compatibility with EPA requirements for space heaters with a maximum burn rate less than or equal to 5.3 kg/h, are inappropriate for larger appliances. For these appliances, emission limits are expressed in g/MJ of heat output.
This Standard was prepared by the Technical Committee on Performance Testing and Rating of Solid-Fuel-Burning Appliances under the jurisdiction of the Standards Steering Committee on Fire Safety and Fuel Burning Equipment, and has been formally approved by the Technical Committee. It will be submitted to the Standards Council of Canada for approval as a National Standard of Canada.
This Standard specifies
(a) requirements for the performance testing of solid appliances having an air-fuel ratio averaging less than 35:1 as determined by Clause 16; and
(b) maximum emission rates.
This Standard specifies a method for determining
(a) heat outputs;
(b) appliance efficiencies;
(c) emission levels and composition; and
(d) flue gas flow rates.
This Standard applies to
(a) manually and automatically fuelled stoves and fireplace inserts;
(b) factory-built fireplaces with a minimum burn rate less than 5 kg/h; and
(c) furnaces and boilers with outputs up to 2 MW (6.83 million Btu/h) designed to have the useful heat produced by the appliance conveyed to areas remote from the appliance by ducting or plumbing.
For the purpose of this Standard, solid-fuel-burning appliances include manually and automatically fuelled systems (including add-ons and combinations).
For the purpose of this Standard, the term solid fuel includes biomass fuels such as
(b) wood chips;
(d) peat logs;
(e) wood and paper pellets; and
(f) kernel corn.
The term solid fuel does not include coal.
This Standard does not apply to
(a) site-built masonry fireplaces;
(b) site-built masonry heaters;,
(c) decorative fireplaces; or
(d) fireplaces with a minimum burn rate above 5.0 kg/h.
This Standard is written in SI (metric) units, with equivalent yard/pound units in parentheses. If a value for measurement as given in this Standard is followed by an equivalent value in other units, the first stated is to be regarded as the requirement.