This International Standard specifies the procedures, formats and facilities at the Packet Layer for Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) operating in conformance with ITU-T Recommendation X.25. Both Virtual Call and Permanent Virtual Circuit modes of operation are covered.
The Packet Layer protocol specified herein can be used in both Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) and non-OSI environments. When used within the context of OSI, the Packet Layer protocol is e ncompassed in the Network Layer of the OSI Reference Model, ITU-T Rec. X.200/ ISO/IEC 7498-1.
This International Standard covers DTE operation at the Packet Layer when accessing a public or private packet-switched network conforming to ITU-T Recommendation X.25 by means of a dedicated path or a circuit-switched connection. It also covers the a dditional Packet Layer procedures necessary for two DTEs conforming to this International Standard to communicate directly (i.e., without an intervening packet-switched network) over a dedicated path, a circuit-switched connection, or a local area network (LAN).
This International Standard also covers private networks that use ITU-T Recommendation X.25 to connect to packet-switched public data networks and that may also offer an X.25 interface to a DTE (see annex A).
To evaluate conformance of a particular implementation, it is necessary to have a statement of which capabilities and options have been implemented. Such a statement is called a Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS), as defined in ITU-T Rec. X.290 / ISO/IEC 9646-1. Annex B provides the PICS proforma in accordance with the relevant guidance given in ITU-T Rec. X.296 / ISO/IEC 9646-7.
The first edition of this International Standard was based on the 1984 CCITT Red Book text of Recommendation X.25. It also contained the necessary provisions for compatibility with the earlier 1980 CCITT Yellow Book text of Recommendation X.25. The second edition was based on the 1988 CCITT Blue Book text of Recommendation X.25. This third edition is based upon the 1993 version of X.25. Retained within this third edition are the necessary provisions for compatibility with the 1988, 1984 and 1980 versions of X.25. The differences between the first, second and third editions of this International Standard are summarized in annex C.
It should be noted that this International Standard and ITU-T Recommendation X.25 as it applies to DTEs are different in scope. This International Standard contains the specifications that ITU-T Recommendation X.25 places on DTEs. In addition, this International Standard contains added specifications to facilitate interworking between DTEs and to cover direct DTE-to- DTE operation. This broader scope has to be recognized in the application of this International Standard.