Codes & Standards - Purchase
This part of ISO/IEC 14543 specifies a frequency modulated wireless protocol for low-powered devices such as energy harvested devices in a home environment. This wireless protocol is specifically designed to keep the energy consumption of such sensors and switches extremely low.
The design is characterised by
• keeping the communications very short, infrequent and mostly unidirectional, and
• using communication frequencies that provide a good range even at low transmit power and avoid collisions from disturbers.
This allows the use of small and low cost energy harvesters that can compete with similar batteries-powered devices. The messages sent by energy harvested devices are received and processed mainly by line-powered devices such as relay switch actuators, repeaters or gateways. Together these form part of a home automation system, which, when conforming to the ISO/IEC 14543 series of standards, is defined as a Home Electronic System.
This part of ISO/IEC 14543 specifies OSI Layers 1 to 3 of the Frequency Modulated Wireless Short-Packet (FMWSP) protocol. It makes use of a frequency modulated signal well adapted to mobile devices and also supports high frequency wireless communications.
The FMWSP protocol system consists of two, and optionally three types of components that are specified in this standard. These are the transmitter, the receiver and optionally the repeater. Repeaters are needed when the transmitter and the receiver are located such that no good direct communication between them can be established. By direct communications the functional distance of the system is up to 300 m line-of-sight including the Fresnel zone and up to 30 m in buildings.
Since wireless communications may be overheard by receivers outside the intended environment, users should be aware of the risks this might cause before installing any wireless system. In contrast to listening devices, however, protection against malicious attacks for the technology in this standard can partly be handled in the upper layers, and is thus not treated here.