This new edition of CSA Standard B44, Safety Code for Elevators, Dumbwaiters, Escalators, and Moving Walks, supersedes previous editions published in 1938, 1960 and 1966.
The Code was originally prepared to meet a desire for uniform legislation throughout the various provinces and to replace the legislation previously existing in Canada which had proved inadequate in view of the then prevailing elevator practices. Its primary purpose is to provide reasonable safety for those persons who come in contact with elevators, dumbwaiters, and escalators, by establishing minimum standards for design, installation, and maintenance and for adoption by provincial authorities throughout Canada. It is also intended as a standard reference for the use of architects, consulting engineers, elevator manufacturers, and owners.
In the preparation of this fourth edition, the American Standard Code for Elevators, (ANSI A17.1), and changes thereto, have been carefully studied and grateful acknowledgement is given to this organization for the material used.
Major changes in this fourth edition are the inclusion of new sections on moving walks, and the temporary use of permanent elevators. Also, the section on dumbwaiters has been rearranged in order to avoid numerous references to other parts of the Code, thereby making it more complete in itself. All other technical changes between editions, some of which appeared in three published Supplements to the third edition, are indicated by vertical lines in the left hand margins of pertinent pages.
This Code was prepared by the Committee on Elevator Safety Code under the jurisdiction of the Sectional Committee on Safety Codes, and was formally approved by these Committees and the CSA Standards Policy Board.
This Code establishes minimum standards for the design, construction, installation, operation, inspection, testing, maintenance, and repair of elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, and their hoistways, moving walks, and temporary use of permanent elevators for carrying workmen or materials, but does not apply to:
(a) Belt, bucket, scoop, roller or similar type conveyors;
(b) Portable tiering or piling machines used to move material to and from storage and located and operating entirely within one storey;
(c) Equipment for feeding or positioning materials at machine tools, printing presses, furnaces, etc.;
(d) Hoists for raising or lowering materials and which are provided with unguided hooks, shins, and similar means for attachment to the materlals;
(e) Lubrication hoists or similar mechanisms;
(f) Wharf ramps;
(g) Amusement devices;
(h) Stage and orchestra lifts;
(i) Lift bridges;
(j) Railroad car lifts or dumpers;
(k) Material hoists and workmen’s elevators used to raise and lower building material and workmen in buildings under construction;
(l) Manlifts, counterbalanced type or endless belt type;
(m) Devices having a travel of less than one storey, but not exceeding 5 feet and used only for the transfer of material or equipment;
(n) Mine elevators; and
(o) Vertical conveyors which are inoperable from in the car and which are not equipped w1th a platform on which persons might conveniently ride.
NOTE: See Appendix A for private residence elevators and inclined lifts.