The first edition of the Canadian Standards Association Safety Code for Elevators, Dumbwaiters, and Escalators was published in March 1938. It was prepared t0 meet a desire for uniform legislation throughout the various provinces and to replace the legislation previously existing in Canada which had proved inadequate in view of the then prevailing elevator practices.
In the intervening years a very great advance has been made in the elevator art, and this second edition has been prepared therefore, to include the developments in the design of elevator equipment, and the experience gained from the adoption and enforcement of the 1938 edition, by a number of the provinces; This second edition supersedes the first edition of the Code.
The primary purpose of this Code is to provide reasonable safety for those persons who come in contact with elevators, dumbwaiters, and escalators, by establishing minimum standards for design, installation, and maintenance and for adoption by provincial authorities throughout Canada. It is also intended as a standard reference for the use of architects, consulting engineers, elevator manufacturers, and owners.
The arrangement of the first edition generally has been retained. A new section has been added to cover the electro-hydraulic elevator which has gained considerable prominence in the last decade. During this same period there has been a great demand to alter and modernize existing elevators. A new section has been added to spell out the requirements for various types of alterations. Design data, formulas and curves are included in a separate new section for convenience, and appendices covering recommended practices for elevators and inclined lifts in residences, periodic inspections and tests, and determination of top and bottom car and counterweight clearances are included as a supplement to the Code. The numbering of Clauses has been changed to agree with CSA format, and an index has been provided.
In the preparation of this second edition, the American Standard Safety Code for Elevators, the Standards Association of Australia Lift Code, and the Elevator Safety Orders of the State of California have been carefully studied. Grateful acknowledgement is given to these organizations for material used.
Special mention is made for the assistance given by the Chief Inspectors of Labour of the various provinces at centralized special meetings, and to the' Committee on Form of Code who gave so unstintingly of their time without recompense.
This Code was prepared by the Committee on Elevator Safety Code, under the jurisdiction of the Sectional Committee on Safety Codes, and was formally approved by these committees and the CSA Technical Council.
This Code applies to the design, construction, installation, operation, inspection, testing, maintenance, alteration and repair of elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, and their hoistways, but does not apply to:
(a) Belt, bucket, scoop, roller or similar type conveyors;
(b) Portable tiering or piling machines used to move_materia1 to and from storage and located and operating entirely within one storey;
(c) Equipment for feeding or positioning materials at machine tools, printing presses, furnaces, etc;
(d) Hoists for raising or lowering materials and which are provided with unguided hooks, slings, and similar means for attachment to the materials;
(e) Lubrication hoists or similar mechanisms;
(f) Wharf ramps;
(g) Amusement devices;
(h) Stage and orchestra lifts;
(i) Lift bridges;
(j) Railroad car lifts or dumpers;
(k) Material hoists and workmen’s elevators used_ to raise and lower building material and workmen 1n buildings under construction;
(l) Manlifts, counterbalanced type or endless belt type;
(m) Devices having a travel of less than one storey, but not exceeding 5 feet and used only for the transfer of material or equipment; and
(n) Mine elevators.
NOTE: See Appendix A for private residence elevators and inclined lifts.