This is the fifth edition of ANSI Z83.4/CSA 3.7, Standard for Non-recirculating direct gas-fired heating and forced ventilation appliances for commercial and industrial application. It supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2013, 2003 and 1999.
This Standard was prepared by the Z83/CSA Joint Technical Sub-Committee on Standards for Gas-Fired Heavy-Duty Forced Air Heaters under the jurisdiction of the Technical Committee on Gas Appliances and Related Accessories, the Z21/83 Technical Committee on Performance and Installation of Gas Burning Appliances and Related Accessories, and the Strategic Steering Committee on Standards for Fuel Burning Appliances, and had been formally approved by the Technical Committee(s), American National Standards Institute, and the Interprovincial Gas Advisory Council.
This publication represents a basic standard for safe operation, substantial and durable construction, and acceptable performance of non-recirculating direct gas-fired industrial heaters. It is the result of years of experience in the manufacture, testing, installation, maintenance, inspection, and research on appliances designed for the utilization of gas. There are risks of injury to persons inherent in appliances that, if completely eliminated, would defeat the utility of the appliance. The provisions in this Standard are intended to help reduce such risks while retaining the normal function of the appliance.
Nothing in this Standard is to be considered in any way as indicating a measure of quality beyond compliance with the provisions it contains. It is designed to allow compliance of non-recirculating direct gas-fired industrial air heaters, the safety, construction, and performance of which may exceed the various provisions specified herein. In its preparation, recognition has been given to possibilities of improvement through ingenuity of design. As technical advances take place, revisions may become necessary. When they are believed desirable, recommendations or suggestions should be forwarded to the CSA America, 8501 East Pleasant Valley Road, Cleveland, Ohio 44131. A proposal form is provided in the back of this document.
Safe and satisfactory operation of a non-recirculating direct gas-fired industrial air heater depends to a great extent upon its proper installation, use, and maintenance. It should be installed in accordance with the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54, manufacturers’ installation instructions, and local municipal codes.
Users of this American National Standard are advised that the devices, products, and activities within its scope may be subject to regulation at the Federal, state, or local level. Users are strongly urged to investigate this possibility through appropriate channels. In the event of a conflict with this Standard, the Federal, state, or local regulations should be followed.
THIS STANDARD IS INTENDED TO BE USED BY THE MANUFACTURING SECTOR AND BY THOSE APPLYING THE EQUIPMENT AND BY THOSE RESPONSIBLE FOR ITS PROPER INSTALLATION. IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THESE USERS TO DETERMINE THAT IN EACH CASE THIS STANDARD IS SUITABLE FOR AND APPLICABLE TO THE SPECIFIC USE THEY INTEND.
CAUTION NOTICE: This American National Standard may be revised or withdrawn at any time. The procedures of the American National Standards Institute, Inc., require that action be taken to reaffirm, revise, or withdraw this Standard no later than five (5) years from the date of approval. Purchasers of American National Standards may receive current information on all standards by calling or writing the American National Standards Institute, Inc., 25 West 43rd Street, Fourth Floor, New York, N.Y. 10036, (212) 642-4900.
EFFECTIVE DATE: An organization using this Standard for product evaluation as a part of its certification program will normally establish the date by which all products certified by that organization should comply with this Standard.
This Standard applies to newly produced, non-recirculating direct gas-fired heating and forced ventilation appliances, hereinafter referred to as heaters, whose purpose is to address building infiltration, replace building air that is exhausted, offset building conduction heat loss and provide outside air ventilation. All air to the heater is ducted directly from outdoors and the products of combustion generated by the heater are released into the air stream being heated.
Heaters covered by this Standard are intended for use in industrial and commercial applications. Heaters covered by this Standard are not intended for use in any area containing sleeping quarters. The installation conforms with local codes, or in the absence of local codes, in accordance with the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54, or the Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code, CSA B149.1.
This Standard applies to heaters designed for heated discharge air temperature of 160 °F (71 °C) or less.
This Standard is intended to cover only complete packaged heaters with integral air moving components, i.e., those which are designed by, cataloged by, and built on a repetitive basis by the manufacturer.
If a value for measurement as given in this Standard is followed by an equivalent value in other units, the first stated value is to be regarded as the specification.
Items unique to the U.S.A. are shown in Clause 6.
Items unique to Canada are shown in Clause 7.
Clause 2, Reference publications, contains a list of standards specifically referenced in this Standard, and sources from which these referenced standards may be obtained.
All references to psi through this Standard are to be considered gage pressure unless otherwise specified.
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user shall satisfy in order to comply with the standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.