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CSA/ANSI HGV 2:23
Compressed hydrogen gas vehicle fuel containers
This is the third edition of CSA/ANSI HGV 2, Compressed hydrogen gas vehicle fuel containers. It supersedes the previous editions published in 2021 and 2014.
The major changes to this edition include the following:
a) incorporation of requirements from CSA B51, Part 2; and
b) harmonization and clarification of test requirements.
This Standard is considered suitable for use for conformity assessment within the stated scope of the Standard.
CSA Group acknowledges that the development of this Standard was made possible, in part, by the financial support of Natural Resources Canada.
This Standard was prepared by the Subcommittee on Fuel Containers for Compressed Hydrogen Gas Vehicles, under the jurisdiction of the Technical Committee on Hydrogen Transportation and the Transportation Strategic Steering Committee, and has been formally approved by the Technical Committee.
This Standard has been developed in compliance with Standards Council of Canada requirements for National Standards of Canada. It has been published as a National Standard of Canada by CSA Group.
This Standard has been approved by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as an American National Standard.
This Standard contains requirements for the material, design, manufacture, marking, and testing of serially produced, refillable Type HGV 2 containers intended only for the storage of compressed hydrogen gas for on-road vehicle operation. These containers
a) are to be permanently attached to the vehicle;
b) have a capacity of up to 1000 L (35.4 ft3) water capacity; and
c) have a nominal working pressure that does not exceed 70 MPa.
1.2 Container type
1.2.1 Cylindrical containers
Type HGV 2 containers are designated as follows:
a) Type 1: seamless metal container;
b) Type 2: hoop wrapped container with resin-impregnated continuous filaments and a metal liner;
c) Type 3: fully wrapped container with resin-impregnated continuous filaments and a metal liner; and
d) Type 4: fully wrapped container with resin-impregnated continuous filaments and a nonmetallic liner.
1.2.2 Conformable containers
Conformable container types are designated as follows:
a) CT1: container or assembly of a non-cylindrical or non-spherical shape without a protective shell;
b) CT2: container or assembly of non-axisymmetric shape within a full or partial protective shell that is acting as a shield and not directly assisting the pressure-containing elements with containing gas pressure; and
c) CT3: container or assembly of non-axisymmetric shape within a conformable protective shell that is acting as a shield and directly assisting the pressure-containing elements with containing gas pressure.
1.3 Welded containers
This Standard does not cover welded metal containers or welded metal liners.
1.4 Units of measurement
The values given in SI units are the units of record for the purposes of this Standard. The values given in parentheses are for information and comparison only.
In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.