According to the National Safety Council, one out of every four foot injuries sustained in the workplace is caused by workers not wearing the proper protective footwear. Keeping your feet protected and safe from harm should be a high priority; in fact, all jurisdictions across Canada require workers protect their feet from workplace hazards, by correctly using protective footwear certified by CSA Group.
From its first publication in 1970, CSA Z195- Protective Footwear has grown from its original scope and now covers design & performance requirements, toe protection, sole puncture protection, metatarsal protection, electric-shock resistant soles, slip resistant soles and other requirements relating to the general stability of footwear.
Specific examples of preventable foot injuries in the workplace:
• Burns and/or electrical shock
• Crushed or broken feet
• Cuts or severed feet or toes
• Punctures to the soles of the foot/shoe
• Sprained or twisted ankles, fractures/ broken bones due to slips trips or falls
Providing adequate protective footwear is an effective injury prevention strategy. By providing CSA-approved protective footwear and requiring its use, the Ontario construction industry reduced the frequency of foot injuries by 60 percent between 1968 and 1984.
Highlights of CSA Z195:
• Details requirements for static-dissipative footwear, with or without toe impact resistance
• Defines requirements for slip-resisting footwear, with or without other protective features
• Provides a new static dissipative category “super SD” which was added for use by those working with electronics and sensitive instruments
• Introduces new labeling scheme for multi-labels, metatarsal guard labels, and super SD labels
This is the seventh edition of CSA Standard Z195, Protective Footwear, covering design and performance requirements for protective footwear, including toe protection, sole puncture protection, metatarsal protection, electric-shock resistant soles, slip resistant soles, and other requirements relating to the general stability of footwear. It supersedes the previous editions, published in 2009, 2002, 1992, 1984, and 1981, and the first edition, entitled Safety Footwear, published in 1970.
This edition incorporates several amendments made to the 2009 edition:
a) clarification of the scope as addressing only protective boots or shoes (not overshoes, ankle supports, detachable components, or accessories)
b) guidance on the conditioning, storage, and forming of plasticine used in the impact tests
c) harmonization of the protective sole penetration test procedure with the procedure specified in ASTM F2412
d) addition of a 2nd category of static-dissipative footwear - identified as super SD - intended to serve the needs of those working with electronics and sensitive instruments
e) clarification of testing procedures and labeling requirements for slip-resistant footwear
f) addition of specific labels for footwear incorporating metatarsal guards and footwear offering super SD performance
g) allowance for combination (multi-patch) labels on footwear
This Standard deals with new protective footwear and includes requirements for two grades of toe impact resistance, as well as special requirements for sole plate performance, metatarsal protection, electric-shock protection, sole flex durability, conductivity, and chainsaw protection. (See Figures 1 and 2 for footwear and foot nomenclature used in this Standard.)
This Standard also provides requirements for static-dissipative footwear, with or without toe impact resistance.
This Standard also provides requirements for slip-resisting footwear, with or without other protective features.
This Standard does not address over-the-shoe toe protectors and related after-market components (e.g., slip-on toe protectors, overshoes, attachable metatarsal guards, anti-slip devices, and protective inserts). These are not considered to be integral to protective footwear.
Note: Overshoe toe protectors are addressed in a separate standard (CSA Z334).
Electrical flash and flame protection, ankle protection, firefighter's footwear, spiked climber's footwear, and riot boots are not specifically addressed in this Standard. While the specific protection required by these applications is not covered, impact, puncture, and static-dissipative criteria may be applied to other types of footwear as appropriate.
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.
The values given in SI units are the units of record for the purposes of this Standard. The values given in parentheses are for information and comparison only.