Information Processing Systems - Open Systems Interconnection - Internal Organization of the Network Layer (Adopted ISO 8648:1988)
This International Standard provides an architectural model of the OSI Network Layer as a framework for OSI Network Layer standardization, allowing incorporation of existing networks within the OSI architecture.
This framework encourages the design of real subnetworks that fully support the OSI Network Service while accomodating the participation, in the OSI environment, of other subnetworks that do not fully support the OSI Network Service.
This International Standard is intended for use both in the design and application of Network Layer protocols, operating between network-entities either in end systems providing the OSI Network Service, or in intermediate systems providing the routeing and relay functions.
It shall be used to
(a) provide a common set of concepts and terminology for use in Network Layer standards (such standards shall reference this International Standard)
(b) analyse Network Layer functionality and classify Network Layer protocols
(c) specify how real networks should be used in supporting or providing the OSI Network Service, in particular, in circumstances where multiple real networks are to be interconnected and used.
The organization defined herein does not address Network Layer management; in particular it is not concerned with the relationships among Network Layer entities which may be required for Network Layer management purposes. In addition, this International Standard does not specify the operational requirements for relay functions in intermediate systems, nor address how specific combinations of permitted functions might be practically and efficiently utilized.