will be needed globally by 2060, almost doubling from 89Gt in 2017
1.6 million tonne
reduction of CO2e
can be achieved in Canada each year through reuse, remanufacturing, refurbishment, and repair activities
in Canada is sent to landfills or incinerated
Cirularity for value retention and waste reduction
Learn about barriers to repairability in Canada and how to encourage participation in repair activities and improved repairability of products.
Standards and research support waste reduction and better management of resources
45% of greenhouse gas emissions come from how we make and use products and food4. The linear “take-make-waste model” relies on resource extraction and processing, discarding products as waste when no longer needed. Adopting circular economy principles can help preserve energy, labour, and materials embodied in the products and their components. Recycling, reuse, remanufacturing, refurbishment, and repair can help lessen the need for raw virgin materials, reduce waste, and limit other adverse environmental impacts.
CSA Group research, standards-based solutions, and other activities support the adoption of value-retention and waste-reduction practices by:
- providing guidance and best practices for management of end-of-life materials
- defining recycling of plastics in the context of the circular economy
- identifying standardization opportunities to encourage participation in repair activities and better repairability of products
- supporting design for recycling
- collaborating with industry stakeholders and governments, including Canada Plastics Pact, Circular Economy Leadership Canada, and National Zero Waste Council.
CSA Group also administers a comprehensive Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) Registry that helps organizations communicate the environmental performance of their products and services, from raw material acquisition through production and use to end-of-life.
Defining Recycling in the Context of Plastics
CSA Group research proposes a definition of recycling consistent with circular economy principles to help provide clarity in recycling regulations, level the playing field for producers, support investment in material sorting and recycling facilities, and serve as a basis for a future plastics recycling standard.
Defining Recycling in the Context of Plastics
CSA Group standards, research, policy briefs, and other resources
Leverage the resources developed by CSA Group and its technical committees that provide information, guidance, best practices, and requirements to help organizations adopt value-retention practices to reduce waste and the need for raw materials.
Landscape Review of Repairability in Canada
A Roadmap to Support the Circularity and Recycling of Plastics in Canada
Public policy report
Rounding the Corner: Towards a Circular Economy in Canada
Circularity and Recycling of Lithium-Ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles — Standardization and Safety Requirements
Provenance and Traceability of Rare Earth Products
Photovoltaic (PV) Recycling, Reusing, and Decommissioning
A guideline for accountable management of end-of-life materials
Sustainability standard for household refrigeration appliances
CSA R7003:16 (R2021)
Sustainability standard for household clothes washers
CSA R7004:17 (R2022)
Sustainability standard for household cooking appliances
Sustainability standard for household clothes drying appliances
Sustainability standard for household room air conditioning appliances
Sustainability standard for household microwave oven appliances
Sustainability standard for household dehumidifier appliances
Sustainability standard for household portable and floor care appliances
CSA Z754-94 (R2001)
Guideline for pollution prevention
Stay up-to-date with the latest developments at CSA Group, connect with your peers and the CSA Group team to ask questions and share your insights, or get involved in the standards development. There are many ways to stay in touch and contribute to creating a better, safer, and more sustainable world.
Primary Materials in the Emerging Circular Economy, Smart Prosperity Institute, 2021
Socio-economic and environmental study of Canadian remanufacturing sector and other value-retention processes in the context of circular economy, Environment and Climate Change Canada, 2021
Turning Point, The Expert Panel on the Circular Economy in Canada, Council of Canadian Academies, 2021
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