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Therefore, packaging is not considered recoverable by organic recycling if only some of the components meet the requirements of ISO 18606:2013. However, if the components can be easily, physically separated before disposal, then the physically separated components can be individually considered for organic recycling.
ISO 18606:2013 is applicable to organic recycling of used packaging but does not address regulations regarding the recoverability of any residual packaged goods.
ISO 18606:2013 does not provide information on requirements for the biodegradability of used packaging which ends up in the soil environment as litter, because littering is not considered as a recovery option. It is also not applicable to biological treatment undertaken in small installations by householders.
For each of the packaging components the following four aspects are addressed:
- disintegration during biological waste treatment process (i.e. composting);
- negative effects on the biological process;
- negative effects on the quality of the resulting compost, including the presence of high levels of regulated metals and other substances hazardous to the environment.
ISO 18606:2013 establishes the requirements for packaging suitable for organic recycling.
The procedure for applying ISO 18606:2013 is contained in ISO 18601.