Antennas, towers, and antenna-supporting structures
détails du produit
This is the ninth edition of CSA S37, Antennas, towers, and antenna-supporting structures. It supersedes the previous editions published in 2018, 2013, 2001, 1994, 1986, 1981, 1976, and 1965.
The following are the major changes to this edition:
a) the addition of dynamic response to wind for tall, guyed masts and multi-sloped self-supporting towers in Clauses 6.9 to 6.11;
b) the inclusion of the oscillation and fatigue analysis in Clause 5.13;
c) the inclusion of a method to calculate vortex shedding response due to higher modes of vibration in Clause 22.214.171.124;
d) the updated ice map in Figure 1and updated climatic data in Table E.1;
e) the inclusion of drag coefficients, Cd, for perforated shrouds in Table 1;
f) the updated earthquake loads and analysis in Clause 5.12;
g) the inclusion and update of the fatigue resistance calculation in Clause 7.9, replacing Annex N of the previous edition;
h) the addition of Clause 126.96.36.199 to provide factored resistance formulas for HSS members with slotted through plates;
i) Clause 7.5.5 has been updated for bolt tensioning requirements;
j) Clause 188.8.131.52 has been updated and a formula for prying action included;
k) commentary Annexes have been updated and consolidated into Annex S; and
l) the inclusion of additional recommendations for tower condition assessment (Annex D).
A commentary on this Standard can be found in Annex S.
CSA Group acknowledges that the development of this Standard was made possible, in part, by the financial support of Bell, Hydro-Québec, Rogers Communications Canada, Telus, CBC, NorthWesTel, and Vidéotron.
This Standard was prepared by the Technical Committee on Antenna Towers, under the jurisdiction of the Strategic Steering Committee for Construction and Civil Infrastructure, and has been formally approved by the Technical Committee.
This Standard has been developed in compliance with Standards Council of Canada requirements for National Standards of Canada. It has been published as a National Standard of Canada by CSA Group.
This Standard applies to structural antennas, towers, antenna-supporting structures, and roof- and wall-mounted structures including their components, such as guys and foundations. It covers the structural design, fabrication, and erection of new structures and the modification of existing structures.
This Standard is not intended to apply to
a) attachment antennas and arrays or assemblies of such antennas; or
b)towers that support attachment antennas, extending less than 15 m above grade, including the height of any structure on which they are mounted.
1.3 Unusual designs and antennas
This Standard covers the requirements for most structural antennas, antenna towers, and antenna-supporting structures, but it is recognized that structures that are unusual with regard to their height or shape, or with regard to the shape and size of individual members, or that are located on sites having unusual topographical, geological, or climatic conditions might not be adequately covered. In such cases, appropriate engineering principles providing a level of reliability at least equivalent to that provided by this Standard should be applied.
1.4 Other design approaches
A rational design based on theory, analysis, and engineering practice that is acceptable to the owner and regulatory authority may be used in lieu of the design procedures or materials described in this Standard. In such cases, the design should be prepared by an engineer qualified in the specific method and knowledgeable about the materials to be used, and should provide a level of safety and performance that is not less than that implicit in this Standard.
1.5 Local, provincial, and federal regulations
Responsibility for observing all applicable local, provincial, and federal regulations is not relieved by compliance with this Standard.
In this Standard, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.