The upstream oil and natural gas industry uses various methods for conserving or disposing natural gas that is produced from wellheads, associated with hydrocarbon liquid flows, or released during planned and unplanned pressure relief events. When gas conservation is not possible, flaring, incinerator and enclosed combustor technologies are commonly used to safely combust natural gas streams. This research explores regulations and industry best practices related to upstream oil and gas flaring, incinerating and enclosed combustion systems, and will be a resource to support the development of a new standard on this topic.

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